Ireland as an independent country with religious conflicts
The conflict in Ireland, started in 19th Century. In fact, Ireland was under the British domination because Ireland is integrated into the United Kingdom of Great Britain by the Act of Union since 1801, so Irish wanted their independence.
It is in Ireland, in 1169 that began 700 years of Norman and English’s power. Then, English and Scottish Protestants decided to colonize Ireland from 1534 to 1691 and the religious conflict was born, even if it was less present when American and famine came in Ireland in 1846 for 3 years.
After the World War I, while Irish wanted their independence, the Protestants people didn’t want to be attached to a catholic country so they also wanted their own country. The 21st december 1921, Ireland and Great-Britain made a deal: the North of the island, called Northern Ireland, staid British and the South became the Republic of Ireland, an independent country. So, since 1921 the Republic of Ireland is constituted by 26 counties and the 6 other countries belong to Northern Ireland.
In 1937, the state became known as Eire, Ireland in English. Ireland joined the European Economic Community in 1973, which allows it to receive support in the 80s, and achieve one of the world's highest economic growth rates, with a massive emigration, mostly coming from Asia and Eastern Europe. This period, in the 1990s is called “Celtic Tiger”.
In 1960’s there were so many conflicts between Catholic and Protestants because Protestants were discriminated in the Republic of Ireland and the Catholics didn’t have any rights in Northern Ireland. One of the attack was in 1968 when Ulster Volunteer Force and Ordre Orangiste decided to violently attack the demonstrators. And this conflict between Protestants and Catholics still exists nowadays.
Then, there was the bloody Sunday on the 30th January 1972. British army opened fire on the demonstrators. 14 persons died and there were hundreds of wounded people. After this attack, it was not finished because Irish Republican Army, in response of the Bloody Friday, committed a terrorist attack with a total of 22 bombs.
In 1980’s, some Irish (like Bobby Sands) try to stop the violence with a peaceful method but nothing changed
Finally, people had to wait for 1998 because Ireland and England found a deal to calm the situation: this is The Good Friday Agreement. That’s meant a recognition by the British government for the first time as the "Irish dimension"; the principle that the people of the island of Ireland as a whole can solve the problems between North and South by mutual consent, without external intervention allows to obtain the agreement of nationalists and republicans.
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